1739 - 1742
|||||War of Jenkin's Ear||||||Great Britain vs. Spain|
(Part of the War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-1748)
Its unusual name, coined by Thomas Carlyle in 1858, refers to an ear severed from Robert Jenkins, captain of a British merchant ship. The severed ear was subsequently exhibited before the British Parliament. The tale of the ear's separation from Jenkins, following the boarding of his vessel by Spanish coast guards in 1731, provided the impetus to war against the Spanish Empire, ostensibly to encourage the Spanish not to renege on the lucrative asiento contract (permission to sell slaves in Spanish America).
The war was notable because it was the first time that a regiment of colonial American troops was raised and placed "on the Establishment" - made a part of the Regular British Army - and sent to fight outside North America
After 1742, the war was subsumed by the wider War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the North American theatre of battle, which involved most of the powers of Europe. Peace arrived with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748.