Society of Colonial Wars

in the State of Ohio

Ohio Society of Colonial Wars
:: Colonial Wars

1744 - 1748

   ||    King George's War   ||    Great Britain and Iroquois vs. France and Wabanaki

(Part of the War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-1748)

It was the third of the four French and Indian Wars. It took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Nova Scotia. Its most significant action was an expedition organized by Massachusetts Governor William Shirley that besieged and ultimately captured the French fortress of Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, in 1745.The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the war in 1748 and restored Louisbourg to France, but failed to resolve any outstanding territorial issues.

June 17, 1745 Capture of Fort Louisbourg
  With support from the Royal Navy, a provincial expeditionary force commanded by William Pepperrell takes the Fortress of Louisbourg.

Warned of impending attacks on the lower river, the colonists massacred several peaceful Munsee families near Walden, New York during the fall of 1745. The Munsee and Wappinger immediately left the area and remained in Pennsylvania until 1746. That year, a French army of 960 men under Philippe de Vaudreuil captured Fort Massachusetts on the Hoosic River which exposed the entire Hudson Valley to attack. Apologies were quickly sent explaining that the incident at Walden the year before was a terrible mistake, and the Wappinger and Mahican suddenly found they were welcome in the Hudson Valley to defend it against the French. No invasion came except for a battle near Schenectady in 1748.

November 28, 1745  Sack of Saratoga
  French military forces out of Canada, accompanied by 220 Caughnawaga Mohawk and Abenaki Natives, attacked and burned the English settlement at Saratoga. The 101 inhabitants were either killed or taken prisoner.
Oct. 18, 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
  Concludes hostilities and returns Louisbourg to France. But no clear victor.
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